### Site Engineer Dairy

• M5 = 1:4:8
• M10= 1:3:6
• M15= 1:2:4
• M20= 1:1.5:3
• M25= 1:1:2

Clear Cover to Main Reinforcement :

• 1.FOOTINGS : 50 mm
• 2.RAFT FOUNDATION.TOP : 50 mm
• 3.RAFT FOUNDATION.BOTTOM/SIDES : 75 mm
• 4.STRAP BEAM : 50 mm
• 5.GRADE SLAB : 20 mm
• 6.COLUMN : 40 mm
• 7.SHEAR WALL : 25 mm
• 8.BEAMS : 25 mm
• 9.SLABS : 15 mm
• 10.FLAT SLAB : 20 mm
• 11.STAIRCASE : 15 mm
• 12.RET. WALL : 20/ 25 mm on earth
• 13.WATER RETAINING STRUCTURES : 20/30 mm

Weight of Rod Per Meter Length : Dia weight Per Meter :

• 6mm = 0.222Kg
• 8mm = 0.395 Kg
• 10mm = 0.616 Kg
• 12mm = 0.888 Kg
• 16mm = 1.578 Kg
• 20mm = 2.466 Kg
• 25mm = 3.853 Kg
• 32mm = 6.313 Kg
• 40mm = 9.865 Kg

Unit Conversions:

• 1feet-0.3048m
• 1m-3.28ft
• 1sq.m-10.76sq.ft
• 1cu.m-35.28cu.ft
• 1acre-43560sq.ft
• 1cent-435.6sq.ft
• 1hectare-2.47acre
• 1acre-100cent-4046.724sq.m
• 1ground-2400sq.ft
• 1unit-100cu.ft-2.83 cu.m 1 square-100sq.ft

1M Length Steel Rod its Volume :

• V=(Pi/4)*Dia x Dia X L=(3.14/4)x D x D X 1 (for1m length) Density of Steel=7850 kg/ cub meter
• Weight =
• Volume x Density=
• (3.14/4)x D x D X1x7850 (if D is in mm ) So = ((3.14/4)x D x D X1x7850)/(1000×1000) = Dodd/162.27

Design Mix M10 :

• M10 ( 1 : 3.92 : 5.62)
• Cement : 210 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 708 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 472 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 823 Kg/ M 3
• Total water : 185 Kg/ M 3
• Fresh concrete density: 2398 Kg/M 3

Design Mix M20 :

• M20 ( 1 : 2.48 : 3.55)
• Cement : 320 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 683 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 455 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 794 Kg/ M 3
• Total water : 176 Kg/ M 3
• Fresh concrete density: 2430 Kg/ M 3

Design Mix M25 :

• M25 ( 1 : 2.28 : 3.27)
• Cement : 340 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 667 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 445 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 775 Kg/ M 3
• Total water : 185 Kg/ M 3
• Fresh concrete density: 2414 Kg/ M 3
• Note: sand 775 + 2% moisture, Water185 -20.5=164 Litres, Admixture = 0.5% is 100ml

Design Mix M30 :

• M30 ( 1 : 2 : 2.87)
• Cement : 380 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 654 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 436 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 760 Kg/ M 3
• Total water : 187 Kg/ M 3
• Fresh concrete density: 2420 Kg/ M 3
• Note: Sand = 760 Kg with 2% moisture(170.80+15.20)

Design Mix M35 :

• M35 ( 1 : 1.79 : 2.57)
• Cement : 410 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 632 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 421 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 735 Kg/ M 3
• Total water : 200 Kg/ M 3
• Fresh concrete density: 2400 Kg/ M 3
• Note: sand = 735 + 2%,
• Water = 200- 14.7 =185.30,

Design Mix M40 :

• M40 ( 1 : 1.67 : 2.39)
• Cement : 430 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 618 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 412 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 718 Kg/ M 3
• Water Cement ratio : 0.43
• Note: Sand = 718 + Bulk age 1%

Design Mix M45 :

• M45 ( 1 : 1.58 : 2.26)
• Cement : 450 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 626 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 417 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 727 Kg/ M 3 + Bulk age 1%
• Water Cement ratio : 0.43

Design Mix M50 :

• M50 ( 1 : 1.44 : 2.23)
• Cement : 450 Kg/ M 3
• 20 mm Jelly : 590 Kg/ M 3
• 12.5 mm Jelly : 483 Kg/ M 3
• River sand : 689 Kg/ M 3 + Bulk age 12%
• Water Cement ratio : 0.36 (188 Kg)
• Micro silica : 30 Kg
• Super flow 6.7% of cement

Bricks:

• 1 cubic meter contains 500 bricksThe Standard size of the 1st class brick is 190mmx 90mm x90mm and motor joint should be 10mm thickSo brick with motor=200 x 100 x 100.Volume of
• 1st class brick = 0.19 x 0.09 X 0.09 =0.001539cu.m
• Volume of 1st class brick with motor =0.2 x 0.1 x0.1=0.002cu.mNo. on bricks per 1cu.m= 1/volume of1st class brick with motor=1/0.002=500 no’s of bricks

Standard Conversion Factors :

• INCH = 25.4 MILLIMETRE
• FOOT = 0.3048 METRE
• YARD = 0.9144 METRE
• MILE = 1.6093 KILO-METER
• ACRE = 0.4047HECTARE
• POUND = 0.4536 KILOGRAM
• DEGREE FARENHEIT X 5/9 – 32 = DEGREE CELSIUS MILLIMETRE= 0.0394
• INCHMETRE = 3.2808
• FOOTMETRE = 1.0936YARD
• A rope having length 100cm.You can form any shape using this rope (Example: Triangle,Rectangle, etc.,). Which shape will covers maximum area
• 1 Newton = o.101971 kg
• 1 mm2 = 0.01 cm2
• 1 cm2 = 100 mm2
• 1 mm2 = 20 N100 mm2 = 2000N
• 1 cm2 = 2000N2000 N = 203.942 kgSo 20 N/ mm2 = 203.942 kg / cm2

Ratio As per IS 1:1.5:3 :

• then volume is 1+1.5+3=5.5 and
• the total volume for using mix=1.57 m3
• then cement required=
• 1/5.5*1.57=0.285m3*1440=411 kg. (8+bag)
• sand requried=1.5/5.5*1.57=0.471m3 aggregate required=3/5.5*1.57=0.853m3
• the standard volume of dry mix mortar=1.57.. U can check it in IS code also.
• Then volume is1+1.5+3=5.5 and the total volume for using mix=1.57 m3 then cement required=1/5.5*1.57=0.285m3*1440=411 kg.(8+bag)sand required=1.5/5.5*1.57=0.471m3aggregate required=3/5.5*1.57=0.853m3the standard volume of dry mix mortar=1.57.. U can check it in IS code

Material Calculation : Cement in Bags :

• BAGS01. PCC 1:5:10 1440/5*0.45 129.60Kg 2.5902.
• PCC 1:4:8(M 7.5) 1440/4*0.45 162.00Kg 3.2403.
• PCC 1:2:4(M 15) 1440/2*0.45 324.00Kg 6.4804.
• PCC 1:3:6(M 10) 1440/3*0.45 216.00Kg 4.3205
• RCC 1:2:4(M 15) 144/2*0.45 324.00Kg 6.4806.
• RCC 1:1.5:3(M 20) 1440/1.5*0.45 32.00Kg8.6407.
• RCC 1:1:2(M 25) 370.00Kg 7.4008.
• RCC M 30 410.00Kg 8.2009.
• RCC M35 445.00Kg 8.9010.
• RCC M40 480.00Kg 9.6011.
• Damp Proof CourseCM1:3,20mm tk 1440/3*0.022 10.56Kg 0.2112. 2″tk precast slab
• M15 324*0.05 16.20Kg 0.3213. 3″tk precast slab
• M15 324*0.075 24.30Kg0.4914.
• GC Masonry CM 1:7 1440/7*0.34 70.00Kg1.4015.
• Brick Work CM 1:6 1440/6*0.25 60.00Kg 1.2016.
• Brick Work CM 1:4, 115tk 1440/4*0.25*0.11510.35Kg 0.2117.
• Grano Flooring CC 1:1.5:3 1440/1.5*0.45*0.0521.60Kg 0.4318.
• Plastering CM 1:3, 12mm tk 1440/3*0.0146.72Kg 0.1319.
• Wall Plastering CM 1:4,12mm tk 1440/4*0.014 5.00Kg 0.1020.
• Laying Pressed Tiles Over CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1440/4*0.022 7.92Kg 0.1621.
• Ceramic Tiles, Marble,Granite, Caddapah SlabCM 1:4, 20mm tk 1440/4*0.022 7.92Kg 0.1622.
• Hollow Block MasonryCM 1:6, 200mm tk/m¬2¬ 10.00Kg 0.20

Sand Calculation in CFT :

• 01. Any Concrete Work(PCC, RCC) 0.45*35.315= 20.00
• 02. Damp Proof CourseCM `1:3, 20mm tk 1.00
• 03. 2″tk Precast slab M15 1.00
• 04. 3″tk Precast slab M15 1.50
• 05. SS Masonry in CM 1:7 15.00
• 06. Brick Work in CM 1:6 15.00
• 07. Brick Work in CM 1:4,115mm tk 2.00
• 08. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3 1.00
• 09. Plastering in CM 1:3, 12mm tk 1.00
• 10. Wall Plastering CM 1:4, 12mm tk 1.00
• 11. Laying Pressed Tiles over a CM 1:4, 20mm tk1.00
• 12. Ceramic Tiles, Marble, Granite, Cuddapah slab CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1.00
• 01. Any Concrete Work 32.00 cft
• 02. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 50mm tk 1.60cft
• 03. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 75mm tk 2.40cft
• 04. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 100mm tk 3.20cft
• 05. Bricks/cum 450.00 Nos
• 06. Size Stone/ cum 90.00 Nos
• 07. Rough Stone 10.00 cft
• 08. Bond Stone/ cum 10.00 Nos
• 09. Cement Paint/100 Sft 2.00 Kg
• 10. White Cement/100 Sft 2.00 Kg
• 11. Janathacem/100 Sft 1.50 Kg
• 12. Enamel Paint/100 Sft – 2 Coats 1.25 Litre
• 13. Wall Putty/100 Sft 10.00 Kg
• 14. Plaster of Paris/100 Sft 25.00 Kg
• 15. Distemper/100 Sft 2.00 Kg
• 16. Cement Primer 0.60 Litre0.40 Litre
• 17. Weathering CourseLime 12.50 KgBrick bats 32.00 Kg
• 18. Providing Sand Gravel Mix- CumSand 20.00 CftGravel 40.00Cft
• 19.WBM – 75mm tk – 1st Layer – 10 Sqm Metel(60-40 mm)35.00Cft Gravel 10.00 Cft
• 20. Pressed Tiles – Sqm 20.00 Nos
• 21. Hollow Block – 200mm tk 14.00 Nos

CONVERSION TABLE:

• 01. 1 RM 3.28 Rft
• 02. 1 Sqm 10.76 Sft
• 03. 1 Cum 35.32 Cft
• 04. 1 Inch 2.54 cm
• 05. 1 sft 0.09Sqm
• 06. 1 Acre 0.04 Hectare
• 07. 1 Hectare 2.47 Acres
• 08. 1 Cft 0.028 Cum
• 09. 1 Feet 12.00 Inch
• 10. 1 Feet 0.305 M
• 11. 1 Cum 1000.00 Litre

Unit weight

• 01. Concrete 25 kN/m3
• 02. Brick 19 kN/m3
• 03. Steel 7850 Kg/m3
• 04. Water 1000 Lt/m3
• 05. Cement 1440 Kg/m3
• 06. 1Gallon 4.81 Litres
• 07. Link 8″ = 200mm
• 08. 1 Hectare 2.471 acr(10000m2)
• 09. 1 Acr 4046.82m2 = 100 cent

Development Length :

• 01. Compression 38d
• 02. Tension 47 & 60d
• 03. 1 Cent 435.60 Sft
• 04. 1 Meter 3.2808 ft
• 05. 1 M2 10.76 ft2
• 06. 1 Feet 0.3048m
• 07. 1 KN 100Kg
• 08. 1kN 1000N
• 09. 1 Ton 1000Kg = 10,000 N = 10 kN
• 10. 1 kG 9.81N

Cement Consumption:

• M5=2.54Bg/m3,
• M7.5=3.18Bg/m3,
• M10=4.32Bg/m3,
• M20=8.64Bg/m3,
• M25=12.9 Bg/m3,
• M40=500+100Kg/m3

Brick:

• Water absorption 12 to 15%
• Compressive strength = 36Kn/cm2
• 230mm Wall/m3 = 460 Bricks + 20Cft Sand +66Kg CementSSM 1:7/m3 = Slize 95 + Soiling 8 Cft +60.5 KgCurrent = 1000 Watts = 1 Unit,